KNUTD IN TOP-100 OF THE WORLD`S BEST FASHION SCHOOLS
KNUTD

Kyiv National University of Technologies and Design
Faculty of Fashion Industry
DEPARTMENT OF KNITWEAR PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES
About the Department
GALAVSKA Liudmyla

Head of the Department, Doctor of technical sciences, professor
Address:


Education Building 1

Kyiv National University of Technologies and Design
Nemirovich-Danchenko Str., 2,
Kyiv 01011, Ukraine

Teachers’ room - academic building 1, RM. 1-0394
Head’s room - academic building 2, RM. 2-0303

 

 

 

Phone:  
+38044-256-29-38 - head of the department
+38044-256-21-35 - Teachers’ room
 +38044-256-84-38 - head of university knitting laboratory
e-mail:  kttv@knutd.edu.ua, galavska.ly@knutd.edu.ua
History of the Department

The name of the department since its foundation remains the same - Department of Knitwear Production Technologies, though the name of the specialty on which department produces specialists changed several times.

The department for the time of its foundation was headed by:

1945-1948 рр. — ass. professor Andriy Ivanovich Shakola;
1948-1972 рр. — PHD, ass. professor Lidiya Petrivna Ignatova;
1972-1981 рр. — doctor of technical sciences, professor Fedir Andrianovich Moyseyenko;
1981-1988 рр. — PHD, ass. professor. Lev Kostyantinovich Vaschinskiy;
1988-1993 рр. — PHD, ass. professor. Sergiy Ivanovich Shapovalenko;
1993-2009рр. – PHD, professor. Lyudmila Oleksandrivna Krylova;

З 2009 р. – doctor of technical sciences, professor Lyudmila Yevgeniyivna Galavska.

MOYSEYENKO
Fedir Andrianovich,
doctor of technical sciences,
professor,
head of the Department 
1972-1981 years

KRYLOVA
Lyudmila Oleksandrivna,
PHD, professor,
head of the Department
 1993-2009 years

Study Programmes

Description of educational programmes

Educational program:

Technology and design of knitwear production

Qualifications:

Master on specialty "Light industry technology"

 Training term:

After the first level of higher education in related specialties

3 semesters (1r.6 months)

After the first level of of higher education in no related specialties

4 semesters (2 years)

ECTS credits

90

120

Language of learning:

Ukrainian / English

 

The aim of the program:

 Formation and development of general and professional competences in the field of textile industry with broad access to employment, aimed at getting the students knowledge and skills on technology and design of knitwear.

Learning outcomes:

  1.  The ability to use professionally profiled knowledge of mathematical analysis and modeling in the field of knitwear production technology (theoretical and experimental research) for experiment planning and processing of research results;
  2.  The ability to evaluate economic efficiency (manufacturing) of knitwear and processes;
  3. Ability to develop and implement production technology for knitwear.
  4. The ability to develop technical and economic study of innovative projects.
  5. Ability to solve engineering, technical and economic tasks using application software packages;
  6. Ability to assess and predict technological and operational properties of materials using modern computer and information technology;
  7. The ability to use the methods of modeling and optimization of materials and technological processes with the use of global information resources;
  8. The ability to develop a new range of knitted fabrics and products for various purposes, organize their production in industrial conditions in accordance with the author's knitwear samples, make the required set of technical documentation.
  9. Mastery of professional terminology in a foreign language, skills of oral and written professional communication in a foreign language, translation of professional texts into a foreign language, presentation of the results of studies in a foreign language;
  10. The possession of skills of using modern information and communication technologies and facilities in the development of advanced materials and processes
  11. The ability of professional operation of modern equipment and devices, be ready to use modern achievements of science and advanced technology in scientific research;
  12. The ability to put research tasks, choose methods of experimental work, interpret and present research results;
  13. Ability to perform independently laboratory studies to solve research and production tasks using modern equipment and methods of research of the properties of raw materials, semi-finished and finished products while performing research in knitwear technology and design;
  14. Ability to make practical recommendations on the use of research results;
  15. Ability to choose the best types of main and auxiliary technological equipment, instrumental support and  equipment for knitting enterprise.
  16. The ability to select the required equipment for the proposed process;
  17. Ability to use modern means of measurement and organoleptic method to identify the main quality indicators of knitted fabrics and products and operational monitoring compliance with their production technology based on regulation documents;
  18. Ability to collaborate and work in a team, to organize small groups of performers;
  19. Ability to provide in accordance with labor laws safety conditions in the workplace based on the production site of work and technological process of manufacturing products;
  20. Ability to monitor the observance of safe working conditions at every workplace and timely updating instructional material based on the existing conditions of production according to safety regulations, occupational safety, industrial hygiene and fire protection.

 

Educational program:

Technology and design of knitwear production

Qualifications:

Bachelor on specialty " Light industry technology "

Training period:

 

Full-time study

8 semesters (4p).

Part-time study

8 semesters (4p).

ECTS credits

240

240

Language of learning:

Ukrainian / English

 The aim of the program:

Formation and development of general and professional competences in the field of textile industry with broad access to employment, aimed at getting the students knowledge and skills on technology and design of textile materials and products.

Learning outcomes:

  1.  The ability to use professionally profiled knowledge and practical skills in mathematics, physics, chemistry, mechanics, thermodynamics, optics for study phenomena and processes in the technology of textile materials manufacturing.
  2. Possession of computer skills at user level, use information systems and technology to solve experimental and practical problems in the field of professional activity.
  3. Ability to demonstrate experimental skills to assess the quality of textile materials in the laboratory using modern methods, ability to work with modern equipment. It also means the ability to ask the correct questions, knowledge of standard equipment, planning and carrying out research, data collection and analysis, including thorough error analysis and critical evaluation of the results.
  4. Ability to business communications in a professional field, knowledge of business communication, teamwork skills, ability to debate and to teach the basics of the technology of textile materials.
  5. Possession of methods for description, identification and classification of textile production facilities, the current understanding of the principles of structural and functional organization of textile production technology.
  6. The ability to develop optimal technology of textile materials and products for various purposes, including the implementation of design, technological and technical and economic designing.
  7. The ability to implement processes of textile materials and products, to prevent and eliminate the causes of process disturbances.
  8. The ability  to organize material and technical support of textile materials and to manage it.
  9. The ability to identify types of defects in the finished product, their causes and perform measures on elimination of the causes of defects.
  10. The ability to identify measures to improve the efficiency of manufacturing processes.
  11. Skills to create textile materials and articles in various art collections systems and the development of textiles; free, fully-conscious decisions of  constructive and artistic tasks, based on actual performance of their nature in material.
  12. Ability to assess the functionality of the equipment, ways of its development and increase machine productivity and quality processes.
  13. The capacity for effective solutions of professional activities tasks meeting  the requirements of occupational safety and guaranteeing the preservation of life, health and disability in professional activities
  14. Possession of service skills for knitting equipment.
  15.  The ability to use in practice the knowledge and understanding of the fundamentals of professional disciplines
  16. Ability to use computer technology to solve technical problems using the proper software, knowledge of analyzing and displaying the results.
  17. Mastering the professional skills to work independently or in groups (laboratory work, including leadership skills in their implementation - the ability to communicative), the ability to get results within a limited time with a focus on professional integrity and prevent plagiarism.
  18. Foreign language possession, including special terminology for professional communication and literature search.

Courses Taught at the Department

  • Fundamentals of textile technologies;
  • Fundamentals of the knitting theory;
  • Fundamentals of the knitting patterned knitwear theory;
  • Fundamentals of specified form products technology;
  • Fundamentals of CAD textiles;
  • Technology of sew-and-cut production;
  • Designing of knitting machines;
  • Functional groups of knitting machines;
  • Methods and means of research;
  • Fundamentals of textile production projecting;
  • Designing of knitting industries;
  • Fundamentals of technical creativity and patents;
  • Designing of knitwear and the basics of sewing technology

In addition to these courses the curriculum includes a design unit, which is caused by the current requirements to knowledge and skills of modern knitwear production technologist:

  • Artistic designing of knitted fabrics;
  • Products Coloring;
  • Designing of  knits;
  • Applied art;
  • The work in material;
  • Fundamentals of composition and drawing;
  • CAD of knitwear.

A list of possible courses for a specialization “Technology and designing of product for medical and technical applications ":

  • Fundamentals of anatomical and physiological structure of  a human body;
  • Theory of elastic textile membranes,
  • Medical purpose textiles and  technology of  their manufacture,
  • Technical textiles and the technology of their manufacture.

A list of possible courses for a specialization "Technology, designing and styles of  knits":

  • Fundamentals of the fashion theory
  • The historical development of style and fashion
  • Style and aesthetics of knits.
  • Individual style of knits designing.

A list of possible courses for a specialization "Technology, designing and examination of knits":

  • Technological transformation of textiles production,
  • Examination of textiles
  • Methods of determining the quality of  knits,
  • Knitwear quality indicators.

The courses of design unit provide training of specialists with integrated knowledge on the technology and designing of textile products. The experience within a new curricula shows that the implementation of the design unit has a positive effect on the quality of training, improves employment possibilities and involvement new entrants into the training.

Research

The research work of the Department is carried out under the scientific theme of the University "Composite, single crystalline, fibrous and film materials of different functional purposes (high temperature, with the inclusion of nano-additives, etc.)" under supervision of Prof. M. Bereznenko. The research work of teachers of the Department is aimed at technological and artistic design of textile materials, and mass market and special purpose articles.

The main scientific interests:

  • creating a theoretical basis for designing and knitting technology of knitted fabrics and products of new types;
  • normalization of knitwear production technological processes;
  • development of knitting processing technologies for textile fibers and yarn of  new types;
  • development of structures and technologies for producing knitted fabrics for technical and medical purposes.
  • development of computer-aided design and visualization of knitwear.

The Department also carries out a research work on the problems of higher education aimed at improving the of educational process organization.

The scientific interests include cultural studies, aesthetics, structural and functional problems of design in the context of ethnic culture, ecology and life support systems of man; research in exploring the range of knitwear in the structure of the costume as a significant aspect of national culture.

In the period from 2009 to 2013 the staff of the Department published  272 scientific works, 91 of which are articles in professional journals, 16 – in the international ones, 30abstracts at international conferences and 135 – at Ukrainian ones; 12 patents are received, 88 reports at international conferences and 188 ones  at Ukrainian are presented.

In 2009, seven teachers of the Department became full members of the International Federation of knitting technologists. In September 2008 and in May 2010 the teachers of the Department took an active part in the 44th and 45th Congress of the International Federation of knitting technologists held in  St. Petersburg (Russia), and Ljubljana (Slovenia).

In 2010 the teachers of the Department participated in 2 international conferences outside Ukraine presenting the reports in English (Ljubljana, Slovenia, 45th Congress of the international Federation of knitting technologists; Gabrovo, Bulgaria, Technical University of Gabrovo, 10th anniversary international scientific conference Unitech. Gabrovo-2010").

In 2012, the teachers of the Department took part in an international conference outside of Ukraine presenting the reports in English (Sinaia, Romania, 46th Congress of the international Federation of knitting technologists) .

In 2013, the teachers of the Department of TTP took part in an international conference outside of Ukraine (Gabrovo, Bulgaria, Technical University of Gabrovo, 13th international scientific conference Unitech. Gabrovo-2013").

Assoc. Prof. Kyzymchuk O.P.  became the winner of Fulbright academic exchange program and received a grant from the U.S. Government for an internship at the University at Massachusetts (USA) from  1 September 2013. until 31 May 2014.

With the assistance of the Department there was developed the agreement on mutual cooperation in the organization and holding of the Fifth International conference “Textile Science and Economy V" in the framework of the project "Six International Conferences 2013", which took place in Zrenjanin, Serbia 5 and 6 November 2013.

Over the past two years there has been intensified the work of the Department for the participation in exhibitions. The Department participated in all-Ukrainian specialized exhibition "Education, work, business"; in exhibitions devoted to the all-Ukrainian conference of young scientists and students "Academic development of young people at the present stage", KNUTD; exhibition dedicated to the all-Ukrainian Congress of Light industry, June 4, 2013, KNUTD; the exhibition held in the framework of the II International scientific-practical conference "Energy Efficient University, November 21, 2013, KNUTD.

In 2010, there was completed the work on a state budget theme "The development  of ways of technological transformation of Ukrainian  knitting industry and the data bank of the world's achievements in the industry" (16.04.16 ДБ, state registration No. 0109U002478) under the scientific supervision of Prof. V. Omelchenko. An interactive electronic database will provide the opportunity to obtain comprehensive information about modern technologies and equipment in the field of knitwear production.

In 2013 the Department completed the state budget theme "The development of  new knitted multifunctional textile materials, the scientific basis for their rational design and technological processes of their production". Under a scientific supervisor Prof. V. Omelchenko.

The research work among students is the promotion of active creative work of young people in learning and mastering the profession. Therefore, the Department pays great attention to the organization and carrying out scientific-research work of students. Students of the fourth and fifth years are involved in the implementation of individual research work carried out by the teachers of the Department in the framework of the state budget or  afterwork activity.

In 2004 the Department has created the Centre of technology and design of knitting, the activity of which is directed practical implementation of the students’ creative innovations and providing the local inhabitants with paid services in the designing and manufacturing of knitwear and fabrics of varying complexity. The main functions and activities of the Centre are:

  • engaging students in creative activities;
  • assistance in the production of the best knitted articles, developed by students in their graduation projects;
  • working out the orders of the customers, the development of knitted  structures and knitwear parts;
  • conducting training on industrial, semi-industrial and manual knitting machines in the University;
  • calculating of the feeding cards for knitting knitwear parts.

Due to the existence of the Center, students have the opportunity to implement interesting design ideas, produce knitwear at the knitting equipment of the Department and to participate in the annual international fashion competition «Pecherski kashtany».

 

 

Scientific School

At the Department there is a scientific school of a doctor of technical Sciences, Professor F. Moiseenko.

"The development of theoretical bases of designing of knitted fabrics and articles ftom new types of textile materials", in the framework of which there was a whole galaxy of young scientists - candidates of technical Sciences.

 

In accordance with the decision of the Academic Council dated 28 December 2011, "Laboratory of  technological processes studies " (1-0391) was named after Professor F. Moiseenko for his significant contribution to the development of science, the preparation of scientific-pedagogical staff of higher qualification.

Teaching Staff

During its existence the department was headed by: A. Shakola; L. Ihnatova (PhD); F. Moiseienko (Doctor of engineering sciences); S. Shapovalenko (PhD); L. Krylova (PhD); L. Galavska (Doctor of technical sciences).

Special training of students is maintained by a highly qualified teaching staff of the Department, which employs 1 Professor and 8 associate professors. The number of teachers with academic degrees and titles is 80%.

Preparation of scientific-pedagogical staff of higher qualification is based on own personnel through the Department of postgraduate and doctoral studies at KNUTD, specialty 05.18.19 - "Technology of textile materials, sewn garments and knitwear".

In the period from 2008 to 2013, the Department enjoyed 3 dissertations on a scientific degree of candidate of technical sciences: Assoc. Melnyk L.M. in 2008, Deputy Dean of the faculty TLI Romaniuk Ye.O. in 2010, assistant Yelina T.V. in 2013; 1 dissertation on a scientific degree of doctor of technical sciences: head of the Department Halavska L.Ye. Today the Department provides training for 1 postgraduate students (Beskin N.V.)

Department staff knitwear production technologies - 2009

 

Liudmyla GALAVSKA, Head of the Department, Doctor of technical sciences, associate professor.

Education and training

  • 2013 - Doctor of technical science in technology of textile materials, KNUTD.
  • 2002 - Docent (Associate Professor) of  Department of knitting technology,  KNUTD, Ukraine
  • 1999 - Candidate of technical science (PhD degree) in technology of textile materials, KNUTD
  • 1995 – 1998 – postgraduate student (masters) in State Academy of Light Technology of Ukraine (KNUTD from 2000)
  • 1990 – 1995 – Engineer-technologist (specialist) at Knitting technology, Kyiv Technological Institute of Light Technology (KNUTD from 2000)

Work experience

  • November 1998 - a teaching activity (assistant, docent) at Department of Knitting Technology KNUTD
  • September 2009 - Head of the Department of Technology Knitwear Production KNUTD

Social skills and competences

From 2009 – Vice Chairman of Ukrainian section of International Federation of Knitting technologists (IFKT)

  

Olena KYZYMChUK, PhD, associate professor.

Education and training

  • 05-06 November 2008 - Course ISO 17025: Laboratory accreditation and instrument calibration by Department of Textiles – Ghent University In cooperation with the Flemish Government
  • 22-23 November 2007 -Courses: International standards for Fabric test method; Labeling of textile clothing: EU legislation for textile names and composition; EU specifications for clothing fabrics, European standards for size designations by Department of Textiles – Ghent University In cooperation with the Flemish Government
  • 2005 -  Docent (Associate Professor) of  Department of knitting technology,  KNUTD, Ukraine
  • 2001 -  Candidate of technical science (PhD degree) in technology of textile materials, KNUTD
  • 1989 – 1992  - postgraduate student (masters) in chemical technology of textile materials, State academy of light technology of Ukraine (KNUTD from 2000)
  • 1982 – 1987 - Engineer-technologist (specialist) at Knitting technology, Kyiv technological institute of light technology (KNUTD from 2000)

Work experience

  • From September 2002 until now - a teaching activity at department of knitting technology KNUTD
  • 14 February – 13 August  2007 (6 months), 01 June – 30 August 2009 (3 months) -  Researcher scholar at  NTC project “Formation and Properties of Auxetic Knit Structures”, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, USA
  • December 1992 - August 2002 - research scientist at KNUTD.
  • August 1987- November 1989 - Work at industry, technologist at Kharkov knitting association, Ukraine.

Social skills and competences

From 2009 – secretary of Ukrainian section of International Federation of Knitting technologists (IFKT).

  

Svitlana BOBROVA, PhD, associate professor.

Formation and ranks

  • 2005 – 2010 -  Docent (Associate Professor) of  Department of knitting technology,  KNUTD, Ukraine
  • 2003 – Candidate of technical science (PhD degree) in technology of textile materials, KNUTD
  • 1999-2002 – postgraduate student (masters) in technology of textile materials, Kyiv State University of Technologies and Design (KNUTD from 2000)
  • 1990-1995 – Engineer-technologist (specialist) at Knitting technology, Kyiv technological institute of light industry (State Academy of light industry of Ukraine from 1995).

Work

  • From October 1998 until now - a teaching activity (assistant, docent) at department of knitting technology KNUTD
  • October 1996 - October 1998 - senior laboratory assistant of knitting technology department, State Academy of light industry.

Public activity

From 2009 – member of Ukrainian section of International Federation of Knitting technologists (IFKT).

  

Liudmyla MELNYK, PhD, associate professor.

Education and training

  • 2008 - Candidate of technical science (PhD degree) in technology of textile materials and goods, KNUTD
  • 2003 – 2006  - postgraduate student in technology of textile materials, KNUTD
  • 1994 – 1999 - Engineer-researcher (master) at Weave and Knitting technology, State academy of light technology of Ukraine (KNUTD from 2000)

Work experience

  • From December 2003 until now - a teaching activity (assistant, docent) at department of knitting technology KNUTD
  • September 1999 – December 2003 – the heard of laboratory, Department of knitting technology KNUTD.

  

Tetiana YELINA , PhD, associate professor.

Formation and ranks

  • 2013 - Candidate of technical science (PhD degree) in technology of textile materials, KNUTD
  • 1990-1995 – Engineer-technologist (specialist) at Knitting technology, Kyiv technological institute of light industry (State Academy of light industry of Ukraine from 1995).

Professional experience 

  • From October 2008 until now assistant of the chair of the Knitting technologies department of KNUTD.
  • 2001 to 2008 sole proprietor
  • September 1999 to October 2001 assistant of the chair of the Knitting technologies department of KNUTD.
  • 1997 to 1999 teacher in Tiraspol College of Domestic Consumer Services.

  

Tatiana DZYKOVYCH, PhD, associate professor.

Formation and ranks

  • 2009 - Candidate of technical science (PhD degree) in technology of textile materials,
  • KNUTD 1990-1995 – Engineer-technologist (specialist) at Knitting technology, Kyiv technological institute of light industry (State Academy of light industry of Ukraine from 1995).

Professional experience

  • 1995-2002 senior laboratory assistant of the department
  • 2002 - Head of the laboratory of the department Since 2014 - Associate Professor.

  

Inna YERMOLENKO, PhD, associate professor.

Education and training

  • 2015 – Candidate of technical science (PhD degree) in technology of textile materials, KNUTD
  • 2011 – 2014 – postgraduate student (masters) in technology of textile materials, KNUTD
  • 2005 – 2010 - Engineer-researcher (master) at Technology and design of fabrics and knitwear, KNUTD

Work experience

  • From December 2015 until now - a teaching activity (teacher, docent) at department of knitting technology KNUTD
  • September 2010 – December 2011 – the laboratory assistant and master of production training, Department of knitting technology KNUTD.

  

Learning and Teaching Support

During 2009 - 2013 the teachers of the Department prepared and published more than 70 methodological references aimed at the organization of classroom and independent work of full-time and extra-mural students.

   

Students

Students of knitting technology department are actively involved in complex technical problems solving, since scientific activity contributes to a deeper mastery of specialty. From the 3rd year they are actively involved in research work of the department. Students prepare reports on scientific seminars and conferences of young scientists and students.

Every January and February in the department among the students of 3-5 courses held high school round of Ukrainian Olympiad cycle majors, which in the last 2 years was attended by over 100 students.

Gifted students have the opportunity to present at the annual All-Ukrainian competition of student papers in the section "Light industry" own research and development, performed in collaboration with the lecturer.

In 2012, Master Konahevych NR (Supervisor Assoc. Halavska LE) was the winner of the section "Light industry" (ranked 2nd place).
Every year students take an active part in the Ukrainian scientific conference of young scientists and students, held in April in KNUTD, subsection "Technology and design of jersey." During the recent three years, they have made 151 reports published 107 abstracts.

Topics of master researches are corresponding to the general direction of research of the department. According to the results of scientific researches realized by our students in collaboration with teachers of the department get patents and applications for industrial samples.

Students’ Clubs

There are three student scientific clubs at the department, such as: "New technologies in engineering and knitwear production", supervisor Ph.D., assotiate professor of the department Yelina Tatiana, "The way the designer from simple to complex," supervisor Ph. D. student of the department Natalia Beskin and "development of technical jersey", supervisor Ph.D., Associate Professor Svetlana Bobrova.

Graduates

Omelchenko Vasily

Ph.D., senior researcher, academician of the Academy of Engineering Sciences of Ukraine, Honored Worker of Industry of Ukraine, State Prize of Ukraine in Science and Technology, a leading researcher of the State enterprise "Kyiv Research Institute of textile-haberdashery industry."

Chaplanov Alexander

Director Kharkiv knitting production association. Vice President of the Association of Light Industry of Kharkiv region.

Chayun Vladimir
Chairman of the Board of JSC "Sophia".

Lyudvychenko Tatiana G.

Since 1983 works at the knitting factory Brovary top children's knitwear JSC "Sophia". Served as a training officer, engineer, senior engineer of department, deputy head of art and technology service company, Executive Director, Deputy Chairman of Marketing.

Sydorchuk Alla Y.

Works at JSC "Sophia" from 1984, held the post of engineer labor economist, engineer II category. Since 1999 - Chairman of the joint union committee.

Tovchyha (Anufrieva) Elena

At the present time is the engineer-manager in knitting company profile "ALT - Suite".

Alexander Tikhomirov

Professor of Theory of State and Law Kyiv National University of Internal Affairs. Doctor of Law, Professor.

Osaulenko Alexander I.

Since March 2005 he has been professor of general legal disciplines of the National Academy of Internal Affairs.

Raisa Ivanovna Paschenko

Head of "I.V.K.."

Lyeshukov Alexander

Technical Director of "I.V.K."

At present Alexander holds the position of Director of "I.V.K."

Prokopova (Shulzhenko) Eugene A.

Director of state enterprise "Kyiv Research Institute of textile-haberdashery industry."

Loktionova Olga

Senior Researcher, scientific secretary of Scientific and Technical Council NDITHP Kyiv.

Kroll (Bogush) Svetlana

Head of the Laboratory Technology weaving Kyiv NDITHP.

Rozsoha Tatiana

In 2007 she was appointed head of the laboratory technology Kyiv NDITHP knitted textile materials.

Tretinichenko (Bondarenko) Lidiya

Head of the Laboratory Technology KyyivNDITHP woven textiles.

Yavorsky Vladimir Y.

Since 2007 works in Kiev state scientific research institute of textile-haberdashery industry. Currently is developing jersey for electromagnetic radiation protection.

Jaworska Ludmila B.

Since 2007 works in Kiev state scientific research institute of textile-haberdashery industry as a senior research assistant - Chief pilot plant. Develops and manufactures knitwear for aerospace engineering.

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